MYTH

According to Greek mythology, TALOS was an anthropomorphic machine, created by Hephaestus, for Minoas, the King of Crete. TALOS had a human form and was made of copper. Hephaestus placed a liquid within TALOS’ body, which was known as the Gods’ Blood (in Greek: ίχωρ- ehor) and gave life to TALOS. A single vein, ran from TALOS’ neck to his ankle and carried the liquid around his body; a single bronze nail (or membrane) kept the liquid within his body and therefore gave him life. TALOS became the guardian of the island in order to protect Crete from foreign invasions and, as the myth goes, he had to go across the island three times per day to be certain Crete was safe. When foreign ships approached Cretan shores, TALOS would force them to go away by throwing big rocks at them. If an enemy ever managed to get off onto Crete’s land, TALOS would squeeze them on his burning chest until they were burnt. TALOS was also the guardian of Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and brought to Crete. Among his other duties, TALOS was also responsible for spreading justice in rural Crete. He was responsible for keeping the law and spreading justice in the Cretan countryside. For this purpose, TALOS was always carrying around copper signs, which had the laws of Crete written on them.

 

"Athenian depiction of the 4th Century B.C titled “Argonauts and TALOS”, which demonstrates the Dioskouroi, Castor and Polidefkis supporting dying Talos."

 

The 1 drachma stamp, which was published by the Postal Service of the Cretan state, on the 1st of March 1900, displays a winged TALOS armed with a stone, as it was illustrated on the 2 drachma coin from Festos in 280 BC.

Myth